What is CPR?
CPR stands for Cardio-pulmonary Resuscitation. Cardio means “of the heart” and pulmonary means “of the lungs.” Resuscitation is a medical word that means “to revive” — or bring back to life.
Its an emergency procedure that combines chest compressions often with artificial ventilation in an effort to manually preserve intact brain function until further measures are taken to restore spontaneous blood circulation and breathing in a person who is having blood flow problem. It is recommended in those who are unresponsive with no breathing or abnormal breathing. Its main purpose is to restore partial flow of oxygenated blood to the brain and heart. The objective is to delay tissue death and to extend the brief window of opportunity for a successful resuscitation without permanent brain damage.
Cardiac Arrest Vs Heart Attack?
A cardiac arrest is caused by an electrical problem in the heart. This electrical problem causes the heart to stop pumping blood around the body and to the brain. The person will be unconscious so start CPR.
A heart attack is a blood circulation problem. It happens when an artery supplying blood to the heart muscle becomes blocked. This starves part of the heart muscle of oxygen and causes symptoms such as chest pain or discomfort. A person having a heart attack is usually still conscious and breathing.
If a heart attack isn’t treated, it can lead to a cardiac arrest.
Why learn CPR?
Cardiac problems are more common than you think, and they can happen to anyone, at any age, anywhere and anytime. It causes the person to fall unconscious and stop breathing. Without CPR the person will die within minutes.
CPR should only be used if someone is:
- unconscious and not breathing
- unconscious and not breathing normally.
Who can you save with CPR?
The life you save with CPR is mostly likely to be a loved one. More than 70% of arrests occur at home.
Why take action?
- Failure to act in a cardiac emergency can lead to unnecessary deaths.
- Effective bystander CPR provided immediately after sudden cardiac arrest can double or triple a victim’s chance of survival, but more than 95% of Pakistanis are not trained in CPR.
- Sadly, less than 1% of people who suffer cardiac arrest outside the hospital survive.
- More than 70% of arrests occur at home.
- 10 minutes and over, probable brain death.
- Average response time of 1122/EMS: 7-15 minutes.
Hence, it is high time to learn CPR and save lives.
How does CPR help?
By performing chest compressions and rescue breaths, you are taking over the role of their heart and lungs, pumping blood and oxygen around their body. Every second counts – any delay can quickly reduce a person’s chance of survival.
To learn how to perform CPR, follow these simple steps:
- Step 1: Shake and shout
- Step 2: Check for normal breathing
- Step 3: Call 1122/EMS
- Step 4: Give 30 chest compressions
- Step 5: Give two rescue breaths
- Step 6: Repeat until an ambulance arrives
Remember – even if you haven’t been trained in CPR with rescue breathing, you can still use hands-only CPR.
FATSAL is pleased to announce series of CPR Workshops in Islamabad, Lahore and Karachi in the month of September and October to raise awareness about cardiac emergencies and train people in CPR and anti-choking skills to save lives.
These workshops are 2-hours session where adult, child and infant manikins would be available for hands-on learning. Also the anti-choking trainer would be there to learn how to relieve choking person.
These workshops are open for ages 15 and over. Pre-registration is must. The workshop fee is set for per person (Lahore/Islamabad =500/- PKR and for Karachi =650/- PKR) which includes training supplies, wallet card for quick reference, certification and tea/refreshment. There would be only 20 participants & appropriate equipment/supplies available to ensure you have ample time and quality learning session. There are multiple sessions of 2-hours each on any given day.
For Your Safety,
Faisal Javed Mir & First Aid to Save a Life Pakistan